Landscape art bases on the representation of beautiful landscapes. In detail, this means fields, meadows, trees, mountains, lakes and rivers, beaches, coasts, or just some sky views. The natural composition plays a significant role here. The human being is just a minor element in this art form. He only appears as staff in these paintings. Landscape painting has been a separate art genre since the 15th century. But it was not until the 17th century that the Dutch masters ensured that people take it seriously. In the 18th century, demand skyrocketed in Great Britain. The proud landowners were to blame for this. The golden age of landscape painting began in the 19th century. In the USA, the Hudson River School made sure that the size and beauty of the continent also found expression in the picture. One of the most famous representatives of this genre was Thomas Cole.
He was the most significant American landscape painter of the early 19th century. Cole founded the Hudson River School. He concentrated less on natural landscapes and more on symbolic and historical themes in his work. Impressed by the beauty of the American landscape, Cole set a unique monument to it in his paintings. In doing so, he put his pictures into romantic grandeur with a lot of feeling. His most famous works include The Last of the Mohicans, View of the Catskill, and American Lake Scene.
The French painter Claude Monet is still a huge star of French art even today. As a leading exponent of impressionism, he relied on the principles of spontaneity and open-air painting. He remained faithful to this style until the end of his life. The friend of Renoir and Picasso always strived for optical truth. That was especially true in the representation of light. Numerous works prove that they show the same motif in different lighting conditions and other times of the day. You can still see his mastery in his poplars, the cathedral of Rouen and the Thames. Critics praised his famous water lily paintings as his masterpiece. These impress with their shimmering colours. Today these are also regarded as forerunners of abstract art. You are a perfect example of his penchant for spontaneity and naturalism. His most famous works also include Trouville Beach, Impression Sunrise, Poppy Field and La Grenouillere.
John Mallord William Turner
In the opinion of numerous critics, John Mallord William Turner was the most critical landscape painter. His signature style is still trendy. Until the age of 21, he worked exclusively in Auarell. His first oil paintings were more in keeping with Italian than Dutch realism. His unique ability was to capture the different effects of light in a revolutionary style. He was the first modern artist. His contribution to English landscape painting is an unmistakable contribution to art history. His contribution was enormous. When Turner died, he left 300 pictures and nearly 20,000 drawings and watercolours. His best-known works include The Dawn After the Wreck and The Fighting Temeraire.